With the onset of the 2000s, the world as we know it has gone through major changes at a pace that has never been equaled ever before. A top of inventions that will have the greatest economic impact reveals a painful truth: gradually, people will be replaced by automated systems, becoming unemployed, while the elite could sacrificing middle class workers for their own comfort.
The main criteria are pursued by specialists McKinsey importance of economic and social impact, and the ability to differentiate the currently existing technology.
- Mobile Internet – access the Internet via mobile phone. It is not a new phenomenon, but the evolution of wireless technologies and increasing access computing power favors a new technological dimension. Mobile phone market is evolving, being stimulated by fierce competitiveness.
- Automate intellectual work – intelligent software that can sort data and create patterns of reasoning, which could help the human thought process. Or it may be replaced eventually. It has the potential to enhance the productivity of people or, conversely, to create and more unemployed.
- The Internet of all things – besides people connect to the Internet and everything else around us will be interconnected directly by its vast same network without human intervention; sensors are everywhere and daily activities will be assisted by computers.
- Cloud technology – a system for storing information and files on remote servers. It is a service that reduces costs and increases the availability of resources stored.
- Advanced robotics – robots that will senses, enhanced dexterity and intelligence, used to automate tasks or to amplify and extend human abilities and functions.
- Autonomous vehicles – cars that would drive themselves. Currently, the technology helps people machinery , but gradually limited assistance will be replaced by software control of the car.
- Next-generation genomics refers to the ability to quickly and cost sequencing an entire set of human DNA genes, animal or plant. DNA sequencing is a process which is determined from the precise order of nucleotides in a DNA molecule. The process led to the discovery and advanced medical research.
- Track Phone – This application will replace the sim card and will give you a unique phone number to communicate with others. Smartphones will become chips that we’ve injected into your hand and will operate through reason.
- 3D printer – the ability to print a 3D product, based on a virtual model. The printers in the future could produce complex objects using different materials simultaneously.
- Advanced materials – materials that have superior features and functionality on issues such as hardness, durability, strength, elasticity, conductivity. Moreover, the materials of the future may change their shape and to auto recovery.
- Renewable energy – we find ways to produce energy without exhaustible and use our resources without affecting too much the environment. The main alternatives are solar and wind, but very promising biofuels and geothermal energy.
- Exploration and exploitation advanced – we develop techniques that will give us access to resources and gasify petroleum that are difficult to access today.
On the other hand, the process of technology threatens professions that could become endangered: teachers, doctors and surgeons, maids and other servants, laborers and engineers, taxi drivers, bus and trucks.